イベント情報

2022 / 08 / 07 (日)

開催予定(9月)「ヘブライ語聖書集中講義」

東京大学先端科学技術研究センター・グローバルセキュリティ・宗教分野は、2022年9月15日(木)・9月22日(木)・9月29日(木)に、日本国内のユダヤ学および一神教比較学に関する学生・研究者に向けた集中講義を開催します。

本集中講義のために、ナフタリ・シュムエル・メシェル博士(エルサレム・ヘブライ大学人文学部聖書学科・比較宗教学科・上級講師)を来日招聘します。

先端研グローバルセキュリティ・宗教分野では、東京大学とエルサレム・ヘブライ大との間で2019年に結ばれた全学交流協定に基づき、2020年より研究プロジェクト「未来の人文学に向けて:思想研究のための国際ネットワーク構築」(プロジェクト・リーダー:山城貢司特任研究員)を実施しています。

そこから生まれた研究成果を広く日本の学生・研究者に還元し、日本において限られているユダヤ学・一神教/アブラハム宗教思想に関する包括的な教育環境を整えるため、2021年度に「ユダヤ学ならびに一神教比較学のための教育研究プログラム」の構築を進めています。その最初の講座として、集中講義「ヘブライ語聖書研究(The Hebrew Bible: Topics in Modern Research)」開催します。

この集中講義のため、エルサレム・ヘブライ大学からナフタリ・メシェル博士を2022年9月から10月にかけて来日招聘し、対面での直接の講義と議論の場を設けます。メシェル博士の招聘に際しては、日本学術振興会(JSPS)の外国人研究者招へい事業(2021年度・短期・第2回)の支援を受けています。当初の予定では、メシェル先生は今年の2月に来日し集中講義を行う予定でしたが、コロナ禍への水際対策のため、外国人への入国ビザ発給が全面的に停止されため、無期限に延期としていました。この度、入国規制が緩和され、プリンストン高等研究所での在外研究を終えたメシェル先生が新学期に入る前の9・10月に来日が可能になる見通しから、改めて集中講義を設定いたしました。日本のユダヤ学研究者・学生の幅広い参加を歓迎いたします。

*本集中講義はハイブリッド形式で開催されます。参加者は東大先端研内の会議室での参加と、Zoomによる遠隔参加を選べます(会議室での参加可能人数が限られていることをあらかじめご了承ください)。
*参加をご希望の方は、山城貢司特任研究員(koji.yamashiro@gmail.com)までご連絡ください。

講義概要(英文)

Intensive Introductory Course
The Hebrew Bible: Topics in Modern Research
Lecturer: Dr. Naphtali Shmuel Meshel, Senior Lecturer, Department of Bible and the Department of Comparative Religion of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Date: September 15, 2022  10:30-16:30
            September 22, 2022  10:30-16:30
            September 29, 2022   10:30-16:30

*Format: This intensive course is a hybrid event, both in-person and online.
*RSVP: For participation, please contact Dr. Koji Yamashiro (koji.yamashiro@gmail.com).

Course Description
This course is intended for Japanese academic audiences interested in the religions of the ancient Israelites, Judaism, and comparative religion. It aims to introduce attendees to the Hebrew Bible ("Old Testament") in its ancient Near Eastern setting. Key concepts often associated with the Hebrew Bible, such as God, sin, history and redemption will be examined through a careful reading of a selection of Biblical texts. Particular attention will be paid to questions of authorship—possible dating, social settings, and original audiences; and to transformations that the texts underwent through a continuous process of transmission and interpretation.

NOTE: The course is an introductory-intermediate course; no previous knowledge of the subject is expected or assumed.

Objectives
At the conclusion of this intensive course, participants should
• Be able to offer a clear account of the general contents of the books of the Hebrew Bible
• Be acquainted with the ways in which the Biblical texts were formed and transmitted
• Have a clear understanding of the main historical processes that shaped the Israelite communities in the first millennium B.C.E.
• Be familiar with key concepts reflected in the books of the Hebrew Bible


Books
The primary text used in the course is the Hebrew Bible (in English translation) according to the following two editions:
*NOAB The New Oxford Annotated Bible: New Revised Standard Version With The Apocrypha (Fully Revised Fourth Edition; ed. Michael D. Coogan; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).
*JSB The Jewish Study Bible (ed. Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Students may consult one of the Japanese translations.


[Course Schedule]

Day One: The Pentateuch (Thur. Sep 15, 2022)

(1) Myth and Narrative (10:30-12:00)
Genesis 1–4
1. Bernard M. Levinson, “The Seductions of the Garden and the Genesis of Hemeneutics as Critique” in “The Right Chorale”: Studies in Biblical Law and Interpretation (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2011) 40–47.
2. Erich Auerbach, “Odysseus’ Scar,” translated by W.R. Trask, in Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature (Princeton: University Press, 2003) 3–23.

(2) Law (13:00-14:30)
Exodus 21–23, Deuteronomy 15
1. Moshe Greenberg, “Some Postulates of Biblical Criminal Law,” in: Studies in the Bible and Jewish Thought (Philadelphia: JPS, 1995) 25–41.
2. Moshe Weinfeld, from: Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic Law (Oxford: Clarendon, 1972).

(3) The Documentary Hypothesis (15:00-16:30)
Genesis 6–9
1. Richard Elliott Friedman, “Torah” in The Anchor Bible Dictionary (sections B., “Literary History” and C., “Views of Authorship”) 608–619.
2. James Kugel, How to Read the Bible: A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now (New York: Free Press, 2007) 261–279, 286–295.

Day Two: Priests, Judges, Kings and Prophets (Thur. Sep. 22, 2022)

(4) Priests: The Systems of Sacrifice and Purity (10:30-12:00)
Leviticus 1–4; 11–12
1. Jacob Milgrom, “The Priestly ‘Picture of Dorian Gray’,” RB 83 (1976) 390–99.
2. Mary Douglas, “The Abominations of Leviticus,” Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo (London: Routledge, 22002) 41–57.

(5) Historiography (13:00-14:30)
2 Kings 22–23:30, 2 Chronicles 34–35
1. Sara Japhet, from: The Ideology of the Book of Chronicles and Its Place in Biblical Thought (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2014).
2. Leo Strauss, “Persecution and the Art of Writing” in: Persecution and the Art of Writing  (Chicago: University Press, 1952) 22–37.

(6) Prophecy: The Former Prophets and the Latter Prophets (15:00-16:30)
Isaiah 6; Ezekiel 1–4; 17–20
1. Baruch J. Schwartz, “Repentance and Determinism in Ezekiel,” Proceedings of the Eleventh Congress in Jewish Studies (Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish Studies, 1994) 123–130.
2. Frank Kermode, “Hoti’s Business: Why are Narratives Obscure,” in: The Genesis of Secrecy: On the Interpretation of Narrative (Harvard: University Press, 1979) 23–47.

Day Three: Poetry, Wisdom, and Tales (Thur. Sep. 29, 2022)

(7) Psalms and Song of Songs (10:30-12:00)
Psalm 82; Song of Songs
1. James Kugel, from: The Idea of Biblical Poetry
2. Jan Assmann, from: The Price of Monotheism (Stanford: University Press, 2010).
3. Ilana Pardes, Song of Song: A Biography (Lives of Great Religious Books; Princeton: University Press, 2019).

(8) Wisdom Literature (13:00-14:30)
Ecclesiastes; selection from Proverbs, Job
1. Marvin V. Fox, “Frame-Narrative and Composition in the Book of Kohelet,” Hebrew Union College Annual 48 (1977) 83–106.
2. Scott B. Noegel, from: “Wordplay” in Ancient Near Eastern Texts (Ancient Near East Monographs, 26; SBL: Atlanta, 2021).

(9) Scribes, Apocalypses and the “Canonization” of the Hebrew Bible (15:00-16:30)
1. Michael Fishbane, “Inner-Biblical Exegesis”, in M. Sæbø (ed.) Hebrew Bible / Old Testament: The History of Its Interpretation (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1996) 1.33–48.
2. Marc Zvi Brettler, “The Canonization of the Bible”, in The Jewish Study Bible (ed. Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) 2072–2077.


Lecturer's Short Bio
Dr. Naphtali Meshel joined the Department of Bible and the Department of Comparative Religion at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 2016. His research focuses on the Hebrew Bible in its ancient Near Eastern contexts, and on its early interpreters. Within the broader study of religion, he has a particular interest in Sanskrit literature. His first book, The Grammar of Sacrifice, examines the ancient intuition that sacrificial rituals, like languages, are governed by “grammars.” His research interests include ancient models for the “science of ritual”; systems of pollution and purification; and mechanisms of double entendre in Wisdom Literature. He previously taught at the Moscow State University for the Humanities and at Princeton University.

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2022.08.07 (日)

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